What it is

 IBD (or Inflammatory Bowel Disease) is a collective term for a range of inflammatory conditions of the colon and small intestine. The most common types of IBD are Crohn's disease and Ulcerative Colitis. Inflammatory bowel diseases are considered autoimmune diseases, in which the body's own immune system attacks elements of the digestive system.

The main difference between Crohn's disease and UC is the location and nature of the inflammatory changes. Crohn's can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract, from mouth to anus . Ulcerative Colitis, in contrast, is restricted to the colon and the rectum. 

Signs and Symptoms.

IBDs may present with some or all of these symptoms: 

abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhoea, rectal bleeding, severe internal cramps/muscle spasms in the region of the pelvis and weight loss. 

Treatments vary depending on the patient and the extent of the inflammation. 

Information sourced from personal research, discussions with medical professionals and patient information leaflets. 

For proper diagnosis and treatment you should always consult your own doctor.